A blueprint for academic labs to produce SARS-CoV-2 RT-qPCR test kits

A blueprint for academic labs to produce SARS-CoV-2 RT-qPCR test kits

Widespread testing for the presence of the novel coronavirus SARS-CoV-2 in people stays important for controlling the COVID-19 pandemic previous to the appearance of an efficient remedy. Challenges in testing may be traced to an preliminary scarcity of provides, experience and/or instrumentation essential to detect the virus by quantitative reverse transcription polymerase chain response (RT-qPCR), probably the most sturdy, delicate, and particular assay at present out there.

Right here we present that educational biochemistry and molecular biology laboratories outfitted with applicable experience and infrastructure can replicate commercially out there SARS-CoV-2 RT-qPCR take a look at kits and backfill pipeline shortages. The Georgia Tech COVID-19 Take a look at Equipment Assist Group, composed of college, employees, and trainees throughout the biotechnology quad at Georgia Institute of Expertise, synthesized multiplexed primers and probes and formulated a grasp combine composed of enzymes and proteins produced in-house. Our in-house equipment compares favorably to a business product used for diagnostic testing.

We additionally developed an environmental testing protocol to readily monitor surfaces throughout numerous campus laboratories for the presence of SARS-CoV-2. Our blueprint must be readily reproducible by analysis groups at different establishments, and our protocols could also be modified and tailored to allow SARS-CoV-2 detection in additional resource-limited settings. Understanding azo dye degrading enzymes and the encoding of their practical genes is essential for the elucidation of their molecular mechanisms. On this research, a thermophilic pressure able to degrading azo dye was remoted from the soil close to a textile dye manufacturing manufacturing facility. Based mostly on its morphological, physiological and biochemical properties, in addition to 16S rRNA gene sequence evaluation, the pressure was recognized as Anoxybacillus sp. PDR2.

Esophageal Squamous Cell Carcinoma Is Accompanied by Native and Systemic Adjustments in L-arginine/NO Pathway

The L-arginine/NO pathway holds promise as a supply of potential remedy goal and biomarker; but, its standing and utility in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) is unclear. We geared toward quantifying pathway metabolites in sera from sufferers with ESCC (n = 61) and benign circumstances (n = 62) utilizing LC-QTOF-MS and enzyme expression in esophageal tumors and matched noncancerous samples (n = 40) utilizing real-time PCR on the subject of ESCC pathology and circulating immune/inflammatory mediators, quantified utilizing Luminex xMAP expertise. ESCC was related to elevated systemic arginine and uneven dimethylarginine.
Citrulline decreased and arginine bioavailability elevated together with rising ESCC development. In comparison with adjoining tissue, tumors overexpressed ODC1NOS2PRMT1, and PRMT5 however had downregulated ARG1ARG2, and DDAH1. Aside from markedly larger NOS2 and decrease ODC1 in tumors from M1 sufferers, the pathology-associated adjustments in enzyme expression had been refined and current additionally in noncancerous tissue. Each the native enzyme expression degree and systemic metabolite focus had been associated to circulating inflammatory and immune mediators, notably these related to eosinophils and people selling viability and self-renewal of most cancers stem cells.
Metabolic reprogramming in ESCC manifests itself by the altered L-arginine/NO pathway. Upregulation of PRMTs along with NOS2 and ODC1 and the pathway hyperlink with stemness-promoting cytokines warrants additional investigation. Classical swine fever (CSF) is a extremely contagious viral illness of pigs, together with wild boar. It’s considered one of many main issues within the pig trade as it’s nonetheless endemic in lots of areas of the world and has the potential to trigger devastating epidemics, notably in international locations freed from the illness. Speedy and dependable analysis is of utmost significance within the management of CSF. Since scientific shows of CSF are extremely variable and could also be confused with different viral illnesses in pigs, laboratory analysis is indispensable for an unambiguous analysis. On a world degree, well-established diagnostic assessments of CSF reminiscent of virus isolation, fluorescent antibody take a look at (FAT), antigen seize antibody enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), reverse-transcription polymerase chain response (RT-PCR), virus neutralization take a look at (VNT), and antibody ELISA have been described intimately within the OIE Terrestrial Guide.
 A blueprint for academic labs to produce SARS-CoV-2 RT-qPCR test kits
A blueprint for academic labs to produce SARS-CoV-2 RT-qPCR test kits

Preparation and Utility of Yellow Fever Virus NS1 protein-specific Monoclonal Antibodies

Yellow fever (YF) is an acute infectious illness that’s frequent in Africa and South America and causes 1000’s of deaths yearly. Nevertheless, there are only a few research on yellow fever virus (YFV) antigen detection kits. As a detection goal, the non-structural protein 1 (NS1) has been efficiently used within the early analysis of dengue virus (a member of the Flaviviridae household) an infection.
On this research, we used monoclonal antibody expertise to organize anti-YFV NS1 monoclonal antibodies (MAbs) and recognized their immunological properties. Subsequent, we used two mouse MAbs that may acknowledge completely different epitopes of YFV NS1 as seize and detection antibodies to ascertain a YFV NS1 antigen seize ELISA. The antigen-capture ELISA displayed unique specificity to YFV with out cross-reaction with different associated members of the flavivirus household, together with the dengue virus, West Nile virus, Japaneseencephalitis virus. Moreover, the detection sensitivity in the direction of the YFV tradition supernatant was 103 TCID50/mL and the detection positivity fee was 95% in contrast with RT-PCR.. In conclusion, this newly developed NS1 antigen-capture ELISA with excessive sensitivity and specificity may very well be used as an environment friendly methodology for the early analysis of YFV an infection in animals or people. This text is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

Monkeypox Virus Real Time PCR Kit

PDPS-AR064 1 unit Ask for price
Description: Creative Biogene Monkeypox Virus Real Time PCR Kit is used for the detection of monkeypox Virus in serum or lesion exudate samples by using real time PCR systems. Monkeypox virus (MPV) is a double-stranded DNA, zoonotic virus and a species of the genus Orthopoxvirus in the family Poxviridae. It is one of the human orthopoxviruses that includes variola (VARV), cowpox (CPX), and vaccinia (VACV) viruses. The kit contains a specific ready-to-use system for the detection of the monkeypox Virus. Fluorescence is emitted and measured by the real time systems' optical unit during the PCR.

Monkeypox Virus Real Time PCR Kit

YJC70115NW-25T 25 tests/kit Ask for price
Description: The Bioperfectus Monkeypox Virus Real Time PCR Kit is an in vitro diagnostic test, based on real-time PCR technology, for the detection of DNA from the Monkeypox virus. Specimens can be obtained from human serum, lesion exudate samples and scab. BSL-2 facilities with standard BSL-2 work practices may be used for the test of t he Monkeypox virus.

Monkeypox Virus Real Time PCR Kit

ZD-0076-01 25 tests/kit Ask for price
Description: Monkeypox virus is the virus that causes the disease monkeypox in both humans and animals. Monkeypox virus is an Orthopoxvirus, a genus of the family Poxviridae that contains other viral species that target mammals. The virus is mainly found in tropical rainforest regions of central and West Africa. The primary route of infection is thought to be contact with the infected animals or their bodily fluids. The genome is not segmented and contains a single molecule of linear double-stranded DNA, 185000 nucleotides long. The Monkeypox Virus real time PCR Kit contains a specific ready-to-use system for the detection of the Monkeypox Virusthrough polymerase chain reaction (PCR) in the real-time PCR system. The master contains reagents and enzymes for the specific amplification of the Monkeypox Virus DNA. Fluorescence is emitted and measured by the real time systems ́ optical unit during the PCR. The detection of amplified Monkeypox Virus DNA fragment is performed in fluorimeter channel 530nm with the fluorescent quencher BHQ1. DNA extraction buffer is available in the kit and serum or lesion exudate samples are used for the extraction of the DNA. In addition, the kit contains a system to identify possible PCR inhibition by measuring the 560nm fluorescence of the internal control (IC). An external positive control defined as 1×10^7 copies/ml is supplied which allow the determination of the gene load.

Monkeypox Virus Real Time PCR Kit

ZD-0076-02 25 tests/kit Ask for price
Description: Monkeypox virus is the virus that causes the disease monkeypox in both humans and animals. Monkeypox virus is an Orthopoxvirus, a genus of the family Poxviridae that contains other viral species that target mammals. The virus is mainly found in tropical rainforest regions of central and West Africa. The primary route of infection is thought to be contact with the infected animals or their bodily fluids.The genome is not segmented and contains a single molecule of linear double-stranded DNA, 185000 nucleotides long.The Monkeypox Virus real time PCR Kit contains a specific ready-to-use system for the detection of the Monkeypox Virusthrough polymerase chain reaction (PCR) in the real-time PCR system. The master contains reagents and enzymes for the specific amplification of theMonkeypox VirusDNA. Fluorescence is emitted and measured by the real time systems ́ optical unit during the PCR. The detection of amplified Monkeypox Virus DNA fragment is performed in fluorimeter channelFAM with the fluorescent quencher BHQ1. DNA extraction buffer is available in the kit and serum or lesion exudate samples are used for the extraction of the DNA. In addition, the kit contains a system to identify possible PCR inhibition by measuring the HEX/VIC/JOE fluorescence of the internal control (IC). An external positive control defined as 1×107copies/ml is supplied which allow the determination of the gene load.

MDV Real-Time PCR Kit

PD65-06 96t
EUR 1864.32
Description: Please check the datasheet of MDV Real-Time PCR Kit before using the test.

ALV Real-Time PCR Kit

PD65-15 96t
EUR 2069.28
Description: Please check the datasheet of ALV Real-Time PCR Kit before using the test.

hsa-mir-521 Real-time RT-PCR Detection Kit

20-abx097600
  • EUR 661.20
  • EUR 944.40
  • EUR 477.60
  • 100 rxns
  • 200 rxns
  • 50 rxns

lyophilised real-time PCR Master Mix for dual labeled probes

M-PCR-156L 960 reactions x 20 µl
EUR 900.68
Description: lyophilised real-time PCR Master Mix for dual labeled probes

lyophilised real-time PCR Master Mix for dual labeled probes

M-PCR-156S 192 reactions x 20 µl
EUR 225.3
Description: lyophilised real-time PCR Master Mix for dual labeled probes

Novel Coronavirus COVID-19 (2019-nCoV) Real Time RT-PCR Kit

RR-0478-02 25 tests/kit
EUR 1189.2
Description: Novel Coronavirus (2019-nCoV) Real Time RT-PCR Kit is used for the qualitative detection of a novel coronavirus, which was identified in 2019 at Wuhan City, Hubei Province, China, in upper respiratory tract specimens (nasopharyngeal extracts, deep cough sputum, etc.) and lower respiratory tract specimens (alveoli irrigation fluid, etc.) by real time PCR systems.

Measles Virus One-Step PCR kit

Oneq-H639-100R 100T
EUR 1932

Measles Virus One-Step PCR kit

Oneq-H639-150R 150T
EUR 2646

Measles Virus One-Step PCR kit

Oneq-H639-50R 50T
EUR 1410

0,1ML THIN WALL TUBES 8 PER STRIP. CLEAR & REAL TIME STRIP CAPS

PCR-0108-LP-RT-C 125/pk
EUR 850.8
Description: PCR Plates & Tubes; PCR Strip Tubes and Strip Caps - Axygen

0,1ML THIN WALL TUBES 8 PER STRIP. WHITE & REAL TIME STRIP CAPS

PCR-0108-LP-RT-W 125/pk
EUR 924
Description: PCR Plates & Tubes; PCR Strip Tubes and Strip Caps - Axygen

hsa-mir-521 Real-Time RT-PCR Detection and U6 Calibration Kit

20-abx097601
  • EUR 878.40
  • EUR 1245.60
  • EUR 627.60
  • 100 rxns
  • 200 rxns
  • 50 rxns

TurboQ Real-time PCR Machine with Laptop

MOL2700 EACH
EUR 30805.08

lyophilised real-time PCR Master Mix with SYBR® Green fluorescent DNA stain

M-PCR-173L 960 reactions x 20 µl
EUR 789.36
Description: lyophilised real-time PCR Master Mix with SYBR® Green fluorescent DNA stain

lyophilised real-time PCR Master Mix with SYBR® Green fluorescent DNA stain

M-PCR-173S 192 reactions x 20 µl
EUR 197.34
Description: lyophilised real-time PCR Master Mix with SYBR® Green fluorescent DNA stain

Virus Zika RT PCR kit

RTq-H434-100R 100T
EUR 1573.2

Virus Zika RT PCR kit

RTq-H434-150R 150T
EUR 2144.4

Virus Zika RT PCR kit

RTq-H434-50R 50T
EUR 1155.6

Dengue virus RT PCR kit

RTq-H451-100R 100T
EUR 1573.2

Dengue virus RT PCR kit

RTq-H451-150R 150T
EUR 2144.4

Dengue virus RT PCR kit

RTq-H451-50R 50T
EUR 1155.6

Rubella virus RT PCR kit

RTq-H481-100R 100T
EUR 1573.2

Rubella virus RT PCR kit

RTq-H481-150R 150T
EUR 2144.4

Rubella virus RT PCR kit

RTq-H481-50R 50T
EUR 1155.6

Chikungunya virus RT PCR kit

RTq-H525-100R 100T
EUR 1573.2

Chikungunya virus RT PCR kit

RTq-H525-150R 150T
EUR 2144.4

Chikungunya virus RT PCR kit

RTq-H525-50R 50T
EUR 1155.6

Mumps Virus RT PCR kit

RTq-H640-100R 100T
EUR 1573.2

Mumps Virus RT PCR kit

RTq-H640-150R 150T
EUR 2144.4

Mumps Virus RT PCR kit

RTq-H640-50R 50T
EUR 1155.6

Uukuniemi virus RT PCR kit

RTq-V056-100R 100T
EUR 1573.2

Uukuniemi virus RT PCR kit

RTq-V056-150R 150T
EUR 2144.4

Uukuniemi virus RT PCR kit

RTq-V056-50R 50T
EUR 946.8

Reticuloendotheliosis virus RT PCR kit

RTq-V061-100R 100T
EUR 1573.2

Reticuloendotheliosis virus RT PCR kit

RTq-V061-150R 150T
EUR 2144.4

Reticuloendotheliosis virus RT PCR kit

RTq-V061-50R 50T
EUR 1155.6

Distemper virus RT PCR kit

RTq-V111-100R 100T
EUR 1573.2

Distemper virus RT PCR kit

RTq-V111-150R 150T
EUR 2144.4

Distemper virus RT PCR kit

RTq-V111-50R 50T
EUR 1155.6

Pseudorabies Virus RT PCR kit

RTq-V123-100D 100T
EUR 860.4

Pseudorabies Virus RT PCR kit

RTq-V123-150D 150T
EUR 969.6

Pseudorabies Virus RT PCR kit

RTq-V123-50D 50T
EUR 717.6

Cowpox virus RT PCR kit

RTq-V173-100D 100T
EUR 860.4

Cowpox virus RT PCR kit

RTq-V173-150D 150T
EUR 969.6

Cowpox virus RT PCR kit

RTq-V173-50D 50T
EUR 717.6

Akabane virus RT PCR kit

RTq-V267-100R 100T
EUR 860.4

Akabane virus RT PCR kit

RTq-V267-150R 150T
EUR 2144.4

Akabane virus RT PCR kit

RTq-V267-50R 50T
EUR 1155.6

Irido virus RT PCR kit

RTq-V288-100D 100T
EUR 860.4

Irido virus RT PCR kit

RTq-V288-150D 150T
EUR 969.6

Irido virus RT PCR kit

RTq-V288-50D 50T
EUR 717.6

Mourilyan virus RT PCR kit

RTq-V291-100R 100T
EUR 1573.2

Mourilyan virus RT PCR kit

RTq-V291-150R 150T
EUR 2144.4

Mourilyan virus RT PCR kit

RTq-V291-50R 50T
EUR 1155.6

Schmallenberg virus RT PCR kit

RTq-V319-100R 100T
EUR 1573.2

Schmallenberg virus RT PCR kit

RTq-V319-150R 150T
EUR 2144.4

Schmallenberg virus RT PCR kit

RTq-V319-50R 50T
EUR 1155.6

Ectromelia virus RT PCR kit

RTq-V330-100D 100T
EUR 860.4

Ectromelia virus RT PCR kit

RTq-V330-150D 150T
EUR 969.6

Ectromelia virus RT PCR kit

RTq-V330-50D 50T
EUR 717.6

K Virus RT PCR kit

RTq-V365-100D 100T
EUR 860.4

K Virus RT PCR kit

RTq-V365-150D 150T
EUR 969.6

K Virus RT PCR kit

RTq-V365-50D 50T
EUR 717.6

Sialodacryoadenitis virus RT PCR kit

RTq-V370-100R 100T
EUR 1573.2

Sialodacryoadenitis virus RT PCR kit

RTq-V370-150R 150T
EUR 2144.4

Sialodacryoadenitis virus RT PCR kit

RTq-V370-50R 50T
EUR 1155.6

Sendai virus RT PCR kit

RTq-V374-100R 100T
EUR 1573.2

Sendai virus RT PCR kit

RTq-V374-150R 150T
EUR 2144.4

Sendai virus RT PCR kit

RTq-V374-50R 50T
EUR 1155.6

Junin Virus RT PCR kit

RTq-V388-100R 100T
EUR 1573.2

Junin Virus RT PCR kit

RTq-V388-150R 150T
EUR 2144.4

Junin Virus RT PCR kit

RTq-V388-50R 50T
EUR 1155.6

Machupo Virus RT PCR kit

RTq-V389-100R 100T
EUR 1573.2

Machupo Virus RT PCR kit

RTq-V389-150R 150T
EUR 2144.4

Machupo Virus RT PCR kit

RTq-V389-50R 50T
EUR 1155.6

Lassa virus RT PCR kit

RTq-V390-100R 100T
EUR 1573.2

Lassa virus RT PCR kit

RTq-V390-150R 150T
EUR 2144.4

Lassa virus RT PCR kit

RTq-V390-50R 50T
EUR 1155.6

Guanarito virus RT PCR kit

RTq-V391-100R 100T
EUR 1573.2

Guanarito virus RT PCR kit

RTq-V391-150R 150T
EUR 2144.4

Guanarito virus RT PCR kit

RTq-V391-50R 50T
EUR 1155.6

Sabia Virus RT PCR kit

RTq-V392-100R 100T
EUR 1573.2

Sabia Virus RT PCR kit

RTq-V392-150R 150T
EUR 2144.4

Sabia Virus RT PCR kit

RTq-V392-50R 50T
EUR 1155.6

Ecephalomyocarditis virus RT PCR kit

RTq-V394-100R 100T
EUR 1573.2

Ecephalomyocarditis virus RT PCR kit

RTq-V394-150R 150T
EUR 2144.4

Ecephalomyocarditis virus RT PCR kit

RTq-V394-50R 50T
EUR 1155.6

Visna virus RT PCR kit

RTq-V634-100R 100T
EUR 1573.2

Visna virus RT PCR kit

RTq-V634-150R 150T
EUR 2144.4

Visna virus RT PCR kit

RTq-V634-50R 50T
EUR 1155.6

Swinepox virus RT PCR kit

RTq-V727-100D 100T
EUR 860.4

Swinepox virus RT PCR kit

RTq-V727-150D 150T
EUR 969.6

Swinepox virus RT PCR kit

RTq-V727-50D 50T
EUR 717.6

Kemerovo virus RT PCR kit

RTq-VH057-100R 100T
EUR 1573.2

Kemerovo virus RT PCR kit

RTq-VH057-150R 150T
EUR 2144.4

Kemerovo virus RT PCR kit

RTq-VH057-50R 50T
EUR 946.8

Lipovnik virus RT PCR kit

RTq-VH058-100R 100T
EUR 1573.2

Lipovnik virus RT PCR kit

RTq-VH058-150R 150T
EUR 2144.4

Lipovnik virus RT PCR kit

RTq-VH058-50R 50T
EUR 1155.6

Rabies Virus RT PCR kit

RTq-VH113-100R 100T
EUR 1573.2

Rabies Virus RT PCR kit

RTq-VH113-150R 150T
EUR 2144.4

Rabies Virus RT PCR kit

RTq-VH113-50R 50T
EUR 1155.6

Nipah virus RT PCR kit

RTq-VH139-100R 100T
EUR 1573.2

Nipah virus RT PCR kit

RTq-VH139-150R 150T
EUR 2144.4

Nipah virus RT PCR kit

RTq-VH139-50R 50T
EUR 1155.6

Norwalk virus RT PCR kit

RTq-VH262-100R 100T
EUR 1573.2

Norwalk virus RT PCR kit

RTq-VH262-150R 150T
EUR 2144.4

Norwalk virus RT PCR kit

RTq-VH262-50R 50T
EUR 1155.6

Hanta Virus RT PCR kit

RTq-VH373-100R 100T
EUR 1573.2

Hanta Virus RT PCR kit

RTq-VH373-150R 150T
EUR 2144.4

Hanta Virus RT PCR kit

RTq-VH373-50R 50T
EUR 1155.6

Seoul virus RT PCR kit

RTq-VH395-100R 100T
EUR 1573.2

Seoul virus RT PCR kit

RTq-VH395-150R 150T
EUR 2144.4

Seoul virus RT PCR kit

RTq-VH395-50R 50T
EUR 1155.6

Akabane virus PCR kit

PCR-V267-48R 50T
EUR 987.6

Akabane virus PCR kit

PCR-V267-96R 100T
EUR 1335.6

Irido virus PCR kit

PCR-V288-48D 50T
EUR 543.6

Irido virus PCR kit

PCR-V288-96D 100T
EUR 686.4

Mourilyan virus PCR kit

PCR-V291-48R 50T
EUR 987.6

Mourilyan virus PCR kit

PCR-V291-96R 100T
EUR 1335.6

Schmallenberg virus PCR kit

PCR-V319-48R 50T
EUR 813.6

Schmallenberg virus PCR kit

PCR-V319-96R 100T
EUR 1335.6

Ectromelia virus PCR kit

PCR-V330-48D 50T
EUR 543.6

Ectromelia virus PCR kit

PCR-V330-96D 100T
EUR 686.4

K Virus PCR kit

PCR-V365-48D 50T
EUR 543.6

K Virus PCR kit

PCR-V365-96D 100T
EUR 686.4

Sialodacryoadenitis virus PCR kit

PCR-V370-48R 50T
EUR 987.6

Sialodacryoadenitis virus PCR kit

PCR-V370-96R 100T
EUR 1335.6

Sendai virus PCR kit

PCR-V374-48R 50T
EUR 987.6

Sendai virus PCR kit

PCR-V374-96R 100T
EUR 1335.6

Junin Virus PCR kit

PCR-V388-48R 50T
EUR 987.6

Junin Virus PCR kit

PCR-V388-96R 100T
EUR 1335.6

Machupo Virus PCR kit

PCR-V389-48R 50T
EUR 987.6

Machupo Virus PCR kit

PCR-V389-96R 100T
EUR 1335.6

Lassa virus PCR kit

PCR-V390-48R 50T
EUR 813.6

Lassa virus PCR kit

PCR-V390-96R 100T
EUR 1335.6

Guanarito virus PCR kit

PCR-V391-48R 50T
EUR 987.6

Guanarito virus PCR kit

PCR-V391-96R 100T
EUR 1335.6

Sabia Virus PCR kit

PCR-V392-48R 50T
EUR 987.6

Sabia Virus PCR kit

PCR-V392-96R 100T
EUR 1335.6

Ecephalomyocarditis virus PCR kit

PCR-V394-48R 50T
EUR 987.6

Ecephalomyocarditis virus PCR kit

PCR-V394-96R 100T
EUR 1335.6

Visna virus PCR kit

PCR-V634-48R 50T
EUR 987.6

Visna virus PCR kit

PCR-V634-96R 100T
EUR 1335.6

Swinepox virus PCR kit

PCR-V727-48D 50T
EUR 543.6

Swinepox virus PCR kit

PCR-V727-96D 100T
EUR 686.4

Kemerovo virus PCR kit

PCR-VH057-48R 50T
EUR 987.6

Kemerovo virus PCR kit

PCR-VH057-96R 100T
EUR 1335.6
On this potential research, diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) and 3D high-resolution T1WI sequences had been acquired in 60 recovered COVID-19 sufferers (56.67% male; age: 44.10 ± 16.00) and 39 age- and sex-matched non-COVID-19 controls (56.41% male; age: 45.88 ± 13.90). Registered fractional anisotropy (FA), imply diffusivity (MD), axial diffusivity (AD), and radial diffusivity (RD) had been quantified for DTI, and an index rating system was launched. Regional volumes derived from Voxel-based Morphometry (VBM) and DTI metrics had been in contrast utilizing evaluation of covariance (ANCOVA). Two pattern t-test and Spearman correlation had been performed to evaluate the relationships amongst imaging indices, index scores and scientific info.

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